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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2002 June;21(2):193-5
Etiology of leg ulcers, healing and recurrence rates in octo- and nonagenarians
Fassiadis N., Kapetanakis E., Law N.
General and Vascular Surgery, Chase Farm Hospital, The Ridgeway, Enfield, Middlesex, EN2 8JL
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Background. A high proportion of leg ulcers refractory to ambulatory compression therapy have a mixed etiology. This study evaluates this mixed etiology and the healing and recurrence rate in octo- and nonagenarians.
Methods. The study group comprised 101 patients with 119 legs affected by ulcers. Concomitant diseases, ulcer size, healing time and time for the ulcer to recur were documented.
Results. Sixty-four ulcers were of venous origin [healing rate (HR): 45.3%, recurrence rate [(RR): 10.3%], 23 ulcers were complicated by 1 additional disease process (HR: 47.8%, RR: 45.5%), 13 ulcers were complicated by 2 or more concomitant diseases (HR: 46.2%, RR: 16.6%) and 19 ulcers (HR: 26.3%, RR: 20%) were of non-venous origin.
Conclusions. This study showed that venous reflux in combination with local or systemic disease in our elderly patient group increases the chance of recurrence. Non-venous ulcers appear to have a reduced healing rate possibly due to the underlying pathology.