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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2001 Giugno;20(2):136-40
Oxygen-free radical decrease in hypertensive patients treated with lercanidipine
Incandela L., Belcaro G., Cesarone M. R., De Sanctis M. T., Griffin M., Cacchio M., Nicolaides A. N., Bucci M., Barsotti A., Martines G., Cornelli U., Di Renzo A.
From the Irvine2 Vascular Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chieti University, Chieti, Italy
PAP/PEA Institute, San Valentino, Pescara, Italy
Irvine Lab., St. Mary’s Hospital-Imperial College and Vascular Unit, Ealing Hospital, London, U.K.
Background. The relationship between oxidative stress, lipoproteins, cardiovascular risk factors and vascular disease progression has recently attracted fresh attention due to the possibility of measuring free radicals (FRs). The aim of this study was to evaluate blood plasma variations in oxygen FRs in hypertensive patients treated with lercanidipine, a drug acting on blood pressure and microcirculation.
Methods. Twenty-two patients with moderate hypertension (M:F=12:10; age=52) and no vascular disease (evaluated by high-resolution ultrasound) were treated for 24 weeks with Lercanidipine (10 mg/day or 20 mg/day if BP values did not decrease at least 15% after four weeks of treatment). BP was measured at inclusion and after 4, 8, 12 and 24 weeks of treatment. FRs measurements (using the D-Roms test) were made at inclusion, at the 8th, 12th and 24th week.
Results. All patients completed the treatment which was well tolerated and without side effects. Systolic and diastolic BP decreased after 8, 12 (p<0.05) and 24 weeks (at 24 weeks systolic pressure was decreased by 21.1%, and diastolic by 11.1%; p<0.02). FRs levels progressively decreased from 541 Carr Units (SD 54) at inclusion to 411 (SD 56) at eight weeks (p<0.05), to 401 (SD 35) (p<0.05) at 12 weeks and finally to 398 (SD 33), (p<0.02) at 24 weeks of treatment (72.2% of the initial value).
Conclusions. The possibility of measuring FRs in vivo with a simple, inexpensive test allows the identification of subjects with a high level of oxidative stress, and the monitoring of the effects of treatments. Lercanidipine, acting on blood pressure, on the microcirculation and decreasing oxidative stress and Frs plasma levels may effectively decrease the rate of progression of cardiovascular diseases offering the advantage of an increased level of protection in patients with high levels of oxidative stress.