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INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

Rivista di Angiologia


Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2000 Settembre;19(3):197-205

lingua: Inglese

Vascular risk factor profiles in the first phase of the Scottish Heart and Arterial Risk Prevention (SHARP) Surgery, 1991-1996

McEwan S., Daly F., Forbes C., Hawthorne V. *, Belch J.

From the University Department of Medicine, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, Scotland
* School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA


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Background. The SHARP sur­vey data com­pris­es per­son­al infor­ma­tion, fam­i­ly his­to­ry, life­style and risk fac­tor prev­a­lence for 19,400 men and women sam­pled from the Scottish work­ing pop­u­la­tion ­between 1991 and 1996. The pur­pose of the sur­vey was the achieve­ment of a clear­er under­stand­ing of cor­o­nary risk fac­tor prev­a­lence in the work­ing pop­u­la­tion of Scotland; the edu­ca­tion of that pop­u­la­tion ­through coun­sel­ling and ­advice; and a clear­er appre­ci­a­tion of an ­individual’s risk fac­tor pro­file as a pre­dic­tor for ­future ­events. In this paper a selec­tion of attrib­utes is ­explored for the infor­ma­tion they yield about the char­ac­ter­is­tics of an appar­ent­ly ­healthy pop­u­la­tion. Comparisons are drawn with ear­li­er stud­ies.
Methods. A ­mobile risk fac­tor screen­ing unit ­toured work­plac­es through­out Scotland and record­ed infor­ma­tion on age, sex, occu­pa­tion, ­social class, per­son­al and fam­i­ly his­to­ry, smok­ing, alco­hol and salt con­sump­tion, body mass index, blood pres­sure, glu­cose and total cho­les­te­rol.
Results. The vari­a­tion in meas­ured lev­els for com­mon risk fac­tors in a sam­ple of appar­ent­ly ­healthy Scottish peo­ple shows sub­stan­tial dif­fer­enc­es from the meas­ured vari­a­tion in an unstrat­i­fied sur­vey.
Conclusions. Across all con­ven­tion­al cor­o­nary risk fac­tor meas­urements, work­ing Scottish peo­ple are uni­form­ly “more ­healthy” than the gen­er­al pop­u­la­tion. A com­par­i­son of trend with age for male and ­female smok­ers and non-smok­ers in cho­les­te­rol level shows no dif­fer­ence ­between smok­ers and non-smok­ers; a sim­i­lar com­par­i­son for body mass index and ­weight shows some con­sis­tent dif­fer­enc­es but with­out sta­tis­ti­cal sig­nif­i­cance.

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