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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 2000 Giugno;19(2):158-65
Does in situ replacement of a staphylococcal infected vascular graft with a rifampicin impregnated gelatin sealed Dacron graft reduce the incidence of subsequent infection?
Vicaretti M., Hawthorne W., Ao P. Y., Fletcher J. P.
From the Department of Surgery, University of Sydney and Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Background. The aim of this study was to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or S. epidermidis prosthetic vascular graft infections by in situ replacement with a rifampicin bonded Gelsoft graft.
Methods. Interposition grafts were placed in the carotid artery of 56 sheep and the graft surface directly inoculated with 108 colony forming units of MRSA or S. epidermidis. At three weeks, grafts were harvested and sheep allocated to three groups. In the MRSA group, sheep received grafts soaked in 1.2 mg/ml (12), 10 mg/ml (10) and no rifampicin (7). For S. epidermidis, sheep received grafts soaked in 1.2 mg/ml (10), 10 mg/ml (9) and no rifampicin (8). There were two deaths, in the MRSA study group. Remaining sheep were euthanased and grafts harvested three weeks following regrafting. Swabs were taken to assess bacterial growth in the perigraft tissues, and external and internal graft surfaces. A 3-5 mm segment of graft was incubated in broth medium.
Results. For MRSA, no statistical difference between the groups was reached for any of the measured parameters. For S. epidermidis, a significant reduction was reached for total infected specimens in the 10 mg/ml group compared to both control (p<0.001) and 1.2 mg/ml (p<0.005) groups. Graft re-infection was also less likely to occur with S. epidermidis than MRSA.
Conclusions. Replacement of S. epidermidis infected vascular grafts with 10 mg/ml rifampicin soaked Gelsoft graft is effective in reducing subsequent S. epidermidis infection. This conclusion cannot be extended to MRSA infected vascular grafts.