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Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,899
Online ISSN 1827-1839
Makita T., Tanaka A., Numano F.
From the Third Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Background. We investigated the effect of glycated low density lipoprotein (LDL) on smooth muscle cell proliferation.
Methods. Blood was drawn from 6 healthy subjects after overnight fasting. Native LDL was obtained by separating LDL from the samples with sequential ultracentrifugation. Glycated LDL was prepared by glycating the native LDL in vitro. Native and glycated LDL were added to a medium containing cultured porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells, and the change in cell proliferation was examined after 24, 48, 72, and 96 hs. The cells were counted using a cell counting kit (Dojin Chemical Co., Ltd.).
Results. There was no significant difference in the cell count between the control group, in which only PBS was added, and the native LDL group. However, cell proliferation was appreciably higher in the glycated LDL group than in the native LDL group. The mean total cell count at 24, 48, 72 and 96 hs was significantly higher (p<0.01) in the glycated LDL group (median: 0.843; range: 0.576-1.060) than in the native LDL group (median: 0.541; range: 0.282-0.683).
Conclusions. These findings suggest that glycated LDL induces significantly greater acceleration of smooth muscle cell proliferation than does native LDL. Therefore, the acceleration of smooth muscle cell proliferation requires modification of LDL.