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Rivista di Angiologia
Official Journal of the , the International Union of Phlebology and the
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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International Angiology 1999 December;18(4):251-5
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with or without stenting for femoropopliteal occlusions? A randomized controlled study
Zdanowski Z. 1, Albrechtsson U. 2, Lundin A. 2, Jonung T. 1, Ribbe E. 1, Thörne J. 1, Norgren L. 1
From the Departments of 1 Surgery and 2 Diagnostic Radiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Background. To investigate the-one year outcome of PTA and stenting and PTA alone for femoropopliteal occlusions. Design: Randomized prospective study
Methods. 32 patients with femoropopliteal occlusions were randomized into two treatment groups: PTA and Strecker-stent (n=15) and PTA alone (n=17). The median age of the patients was 71 years. All patients had chronic limb ischaemia, 66% had tissue loss, 19% had rest pain and 15% had disabling claudication. The median ABPI was 0.45. The occlusion was confined to the superficial femoral artery in 30 cases and to the popliteal artery in 2 cases. The median length of the occlusions was 7.3 cm. Aspirin (ASA), 160 mg daily, was administrated postoperatively but no anticoagulation was used. The follow-up included: clinical examination, measurement of ABPI and control angiography at 12 months or earlier when necessary (20 patients).
Results. There was no mortality or limb loss as a consequence of the treatment. There were six (16%) immediate major complications in five patients. In the PTA group, one patient had a myocardial infarction and three patients needed arteriography due to bleeding. In the stent group, one patient required arteriography and embolectomy. The one-year mortality was 6% and there were no amputations. Four patients (two in each group) were operated on with a femorodistal bypass. The rate of clinical improvement was 71% after PTA and stent and 60% after PTA alone (p=0.17). An increased ABPI (>0.10) was shown in 50% of the stent group and 61% in the PTA group (p=0.17). Angiographic re-occlusions were seen in 33% and 75% in the stent and PTA groups respectively (p=0.17), while the rate of restenosis was significantly higher in the stent group (50% vs 25%) (p=0.033).
Conclusions. Stenting following PTA for femoropopliteal occlusions does not significantly improve neither the clinical state nor the clinical/angiographic patency. The results do not justify any routine placement of stent following PTA in the successfully recanalized femoro-popliteal arteries. The low rate of acceptance of a follow-up angiography indicates that this kind of study should preferably use duplex scanning instead of angiography for follow-up.