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Rivista di Angiologia

Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 1999 June;18(2):171-5

lingua: Inglese

Prev­a­lence of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy in ­French ­adults of the SUVI­MAX ­cohort

Preziosi P., Galan P, Aiassa M., Hercberg S., Boccalon H. *

From the Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et de l’Alimentation, Conservatoire National des Arts et des Métiers, Paris, France and * Depart­ment of Inter­nal Med­i­cine Angi­ol­o­gy, Uni­ver­sity Hos­pi­tal of Ran­gueil, Tou­louse, ­France


Back­ground. The symp­toms of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy of the lower limbs (VILL) ­include a feel­ing of heavi­ness in the legs, pain, and noc­tur­nal cramps, which may be com­bined with organ­ic dis­or­ders (var­i­cose veins). The objec­tive of this study was to deter­mine the prev­a­lence of VILL in terms of both var­i­cose veins and func­tion­al symp­toms in the par­tic­i­pants of the SUVI­MAX ­cohort, which is rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the ­French pop­u­la­tion for the age range under con­sid­er­a­tion (women: 35-60; men: 45-60).
Meth­ods. Infor­ma­tion on the ­venous stat­us of 3065 sub­jects in the SUVI­MAX ­cohort were col­lect­ed from three different sourc­es: year­ly system­at­ic clin­i­cal exam­ina­tion (1994-1996), month­ly fol­low-up by a tele­mat­ic net­work (1994-1998) and non-spe­cif­ic ques­tion­naire (1997). Two mutually exclu­sive pop­u­la­tions were thus ­defined on medically diagnosed varicose veins and venous insufficiency and reported varicose veins and venous insufficiency.
­Results. ­Venous insuf­fi­cien­cy was medically diag­nosed in 192 men (14.6%) and 584 women (33.6%), and var­i­cose veins were diag­nosed in 143 men (74.5%) and 317 women (54.2%) from this group. Prev­a­lence reported symp­toms of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy and of var­i­cose veins was 13.6% and 7.4% respec­tive­ly in men and 28.2% and 12.4% in women. Sex, age, body mass index and num­ber of preg­nan­cies were found to be correlated with the risk of ­venous insuf­fi­cien­cy.
Con­clu­sions. VILL is a very com­mon dis­ease in ­French ­adults both as var­i­cose veins and as func­tion­al symp­toms. Ven­o­ton­ics were the main type of treat­ment but not ­enough use is made of elas­tic com­pres­sion stock­ings.

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