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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
Rivista di Medicina Interna e Farmacologia
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2016 Aprile;175(4):137-46
Reasonable training program should be provided to judo and wrestling athletes in winter season
Tae Y. HAN 1, Chang H. JANG 1, Moon J. LEE 2, Gwang S. HYUN 3, Jung M. PARK 3, Jun Y. CHA 3, Yong S. JEE 4
1 Department of Physical Education, Graduate School of Sunmoon University, Asan, South Korea; 2 Department of Physical Education, Graduate School of Korea University, Seoul, South Korea; 3 Department of Physical Education, Graduate School of Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea; 4 Department of Exercise Physiology and Prescription, Graduate School of Health Promotion, Hanseo University, Seosan, South Korea
BACKGROUND: For improvement of athletic performance, athletes have to be trained. As martial arts, judo and wrestling share similar characteristics such as sports type and required things to achieve successful performance. Due to these similarities, the equal training program used to be applied to judo and wrestling athletes in Korea. Especially, a winter season is important to athletes for improving insufficient professional physical fitness as well as for technical training, and many studies have reported the effects of winter training program in judo or wrestling athletes. However, there are few studies which investigate differences and changes in physiological variables between judo and wrestling athletes after participating in the same winter training program. Thus, this study investigated the different changes in male judo and wrestling athletes who participated in the same 8-week winter training program.
METHODS: The study included 40 martial arts athletes participated in the same 8-week winter training. Twenty judo and 20 wrestling athletes were selected as subjects. They were divided into two groups: judo and wrestling group, respectively. During this session, the body composition, physical fitness, and isokinetic strength of thigh and trunk were assessed.
RESULTS: The results showed that the 8-week winter training program improved the most values of the body composition, physical fitness, and isokinetic strength of thigh and trunk in both judo and wrestling groups. Especially, this program was more effective in improving body composition, physical fitness, aerobic exercise capacity and isokinetic torque of thigh in judo group. On the other hand, this winter program was better for improving isokinetic torque of trunk in wrestling group, compared with judo group. However, there were not significant differences between groups. This result also showed that this program disproportionally affected the strength of the lower extremities in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS: From these results, this study suggests that even though judo and wrestling hold some characteristics in common, the reasonable training program should be provided to them, respectively.