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GAZZETTA MEDICA ITALIANA ARCHIVIO PER LE SCIENZE MEDICHE
Rivista di Medicina Interna e Farmacologia
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index
Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2015 May;174(5):201-7
Effects of physical exercises on biochemical parameters, body composition and motor performance in women
Rodrigues Neto G. 1, 2, 3, Novaes J. S. 2, Aniceto R. R. 1, 3, 4, Oliveira L. S. 3, Junior A. T. 3, 5, Sousa M. S. 1, 3
1 Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil;
2 Physical Education Graduate Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;
3 Kinanthropometry and Human Development Laboratory, UFPB, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil;
4 Laboratory of Kinesiology and Biomechanics (LACIB), Integrated Colleges of Patos (FIP), Patos, Paraíba, Brazil;
5 Graduate Program in Physical Education of University Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal
AIM: Analyze the chronic effect of systematic physical exercise on biochemical parameters, body composition and motor performance of women enrolled in the family health strategy.
METHODS: Participants were 21 women (49±10 years) who were divided into two groups: the experimental group (EG=14) underwent a systematic exercise program three times a week (gym, walking and water aerobics) for 24 weeks, while the control group (C=7) had no intervention. Biochemical, body composition and motor performance analysis were conducted.
RESULTS: The findings indicated a significant increase (p=0.006) in HDL and decrease in triglycerides (p=0.025) for EG, and also a significant increase in triglycerides (p=0.014) and VLDL (p=0.040) GC. The groups did not differ in body composition (p>0.05). There was a significant improvement in static strength and arm flexion (p=0.018, p=0.007) for the EG.
CONCLUSION: The systematic physical exercise program promoted an improvement in biochemical parameters and motor performance variables with no changes in body composition variables.