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Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2016 Nov 10
Comparison of effects on dysphagia and psychological state after cerebral infarction between chin tuck against resistance exercise and Shaker exercise
Jing GAO 1, Hui J. ZHANG 2
1 Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, China; 2 Nursing School, Liaoning Medical University, Jinzhou, China
BACKGROUND: The incidence of stroke is high in China. The dysphagia caused by cerebral infarction (CI), seriously affects patients’ life quality, and even endangers patients’ lives. It is necessary to explore how to improve dysphagia caused by CI.
AIM: To compare the effects of rehabilitation training on dysphagia and psychological state after CI between Shaker exercise and chin tuck against resistance (CTAR) exercise. Design: Control study.
POPULATION: A total of 90 patients with dysphagia after CI were divided into CTAR group, Shaker group and control group by random digits table (each group with 30 patients).
METHODS: Video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were performed on all patients before intervention. VFSS was evaluated based on Penetration-Aspiration Scale. All patients received routine treatments including internal medicine, traditional rehabilitation training and routine nursing. The patients in control group only receive the routine treatments. Besides the routine treatments, the patients in CTAR group also received CTAR exercise, and the patients in Shaker group also received Shaker exercise. VFSS was performed again on all patients, respectively, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after exercise. SDS was performed again on all patients 6 weeks after exercise.
RESULTS: There were no statistical differences amongst the three groups in VFSS and SDS before intervention (P >0.05). After intervention, all patients had various degrees of improvement for dysphagia in the three groups, especially between 2 and 4 weeks in CTAR and Shaker groups. The total effective rate was significantly higher in CTAR group (86.67%) and Shaker group (76.67%) than in control group (43.33%) (all P <0.05). The scores of SDS was significantly lower in CTAR group than in Shaker group and control group 6 weeks after intervention (all P <0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: For the patients with dysphagia after CI, CTAR exercise can significantly relieve depression and has the similar effect on improving swallowing function as compared with Shaker group.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: This study suggests that for the patients with consciousness, the effects of CTAR exercises on depression caused by CI are better than that of Shaker exercises.