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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Online ISSN 1973-9095
Rafael ALVES 1, Marcia M. LIMA 2, Cheyenne FONSECA 3, Rodrigo DOS REIS 1, Pedro H. FIGUEIREDO 2, Henrique COSTA 1, Lucas KREUSER 4, Maria C. NUNES 1, Antonio L. RIBEIRO 1
1 Department of Internal Medicine Medical School and Hospital das Clinicas of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) Belo Horizonte, Brazil; 2 Physical Therapy School Federal University of the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM) Diamantina, Brazil; 3 Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Diamantina, Brazil; 4 University of Minnesota, Medical School Minneapolis, MO, USA
BACKGROUND: Chagas heart disease (CHD) patients may have a reduced functional capacity (FC). Field tests, as the Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT), can estimate peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak). However, the relationship between the ISWT and the Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPET), the gold standard in the assessment of FC, is not well established in CHD patients.
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the FC of CHD patients by ISWT with direct measurement of VO2 peak and to compare these findings with data obtained from CPET. A secondary goal was to derive a regression equation to calculate the VO2 peak by ISWT.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional and correlative study.
SETTING: Research laboratory setting.
POPULATION: Thirty-two CHD patients (58.8±9.0 years, 81.3% women) participated in this study.
METHODS: Eligible patients underwent clinical evaluation, echocardiography, CPET by ramp protocol and ISWT according to current guidelines.
RESULTS: The distance walked in ISWT showed a positive correlation with VO2 peak from CPET and ISWT (r=0.456, P=0.009 and r=0.869, P<0.001, respectively). In the agreement analysis, the values of the differences between VO2 peak from CPET and ISWT showed absence of bias (mean bias ±95% CI and mean -1.29±5.09 mL.kg.min). Based in real values of VO2 obtained from ISWT, one equation including sex, functional class and distance walked was provided to predict the VO2 values in this test.
CONCLUSION: This study showed the good correlation between distance walked in ISWT and VO2 peak directly measured in both tests, and additionally, provided an equation to calculate a predictive VO2 peak by ISWT, suggesting a good alternative to evaluate the FC of CHD patients, especially in locations where sophisticated testing is not available.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The results confirm the possibility of using the ISWT for the evaluation of the FC in patients with CHD, especially in locations where sophisticated testing is not available.