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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2013 Ottobre;49(5):629-37
Predicting outcome after stroke: the role of basic activities of daily living
Gialanella B., Santoro R., Ferlucci C. ✉
Operative Unit of Recovery and Functional Re-education, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Lumezzane, Brescia, Italy
Background: Very few studies have investigated the influence of single activities of daily living (ADL) at admission as possible predictors of functional outcome after rehabilitation.
Aim: The aim of the current study was to investigate admission functional status and performance of basic ADLs as assessed by Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scale as possible predictors of motor and functional outcome after stroke during inpatient rehabilitation.
Design: This is a prospective and observational study.
Setting: Inpatients of our Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Population: Two hundred sixty consecutive patients with primary diagnosis of stroke were enrolled and 241 patients were used in the final analyses.
Methods: Two backward stepwise regression analyses were applied to predict outcome. The first backward stepwise regression had age, gender, stroke type, stroke-lesion size, aphasia, neglect, onset to admission interval, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Scale, Trunk Control Test, and FIM (total, motor and cognitive scores) as independent variables. The second analyses included the above variables plus FIM items as an independent variable. The dependent variables were the discharge scores and effectiveness in total and motor-FIM, and discharge destination.
Results: The first multivariate analysis showed that admission Fugl-Meyer, neglect, total, motor and cognitive FIM scores were the most important predictors of FIM outcomes, while admission NIHSS score was the only predictor of discharge destination. Conversely, when admission single FIM items were included in the statistical model, admission Fugl-Meyer, neglect, grooming, dressing upper body, and social interaction scores were the most important predictors of FIM outcomes, while admission memory and bowel control scores were the only predictors of discharge destination.
Conclusion: Our study indicates that performances of basic ADLs are important stroke outcome predictors and among which social interaction, grooming, upper body dressing, and bowel control are the most important.
Clinical rehabilitation impact: The results of this study suggests that, when designing other studies on stroke outcome predictions, researchers should also include tests which assess performances of basic ADLs as independent variables, because this may allow identification of new prognostic indicators that can be helpful for the physician for managing stroke patients at the end of the rehabilitation period.