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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Online ISSN 1973-9095
Giombini A. 1, Di Cesare A. 2, Quaranta F. 3, 4, Giannini S. 3, 4, Di Cagno A. 1, Mazzola C. 3, Pigozzi F. 3, 4, Saraceni V. M. 2
1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy;
2 Complex Operative Unit in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, Rome, Italy;
3 Department of Health Sciences, “Foro Italico” University of Rome, Rome, Italy;
4 Villa Stuart Sport Clinic, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Rome, Italy
Background: Chronic mechanical neck pain (MNP) is a very common condition, that may occur in general population. There is a lack of evidence for most therapies except for exercise therapy with combining methods, whose effectiveness is still moderate.
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a novel neck balance system-Dal Monte 2(NBS-DM2) incorporated into a special cap on pain in sufferers of MNP after treatment and at three months follow-up.
Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial.
Setting: Outpatient clinic of the University of Rome “Foro Italico”.
Population: Forty-five volunteers of both sexes affected by grade II MNP were enrolled.
Methods: NBS-DM2/RW (regular weight), NBS-DM2/NW (negligible weight) and Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMF) have been used for 8 weeks. Neck Disability Index (NDI), Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NDPS) questionnaires and Visual Analogic Scale (VAS) score were evaluated before, after the treatment period and 3 months after the end of treatment.
Results: NBS-DM2/RW compared with NBS-DM2/NW and PEMF group performed better in the reduction of the three measures at the end and at short term run (p ≤0.05).
Conclusion and clinical rehabilitation impact: When applied to grade II MNP patients, NBS-DM2/RW leads to pain relief and reduction of disability. These effects persist over a short term follow-up period. PEMF therapy was found to have no significant effect on reduction of pain and disability in this study.