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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2012 March;48(1):123-33
Core elements of physiotherapy in cerebral palsy children: proposal for a trial checklist
Meghi P. 1, Rossetti L. 2, Corrado C. 3, Maran E. 3, Arosio N. 4, Ferrari A. 5 ✉
1 Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Centre, Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy;
2 Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Centre, L. Salvini Hospital, Garbagnate Milanese, Milan, Italy;
3 Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Centre, L. Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy;
4 Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Centre, Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento Hospital, Milan, Italy;
5 Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine,, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
BACKGROUND: Currently international literature describes physiotherapy in cerebral palsy (CP) children only in generic terms (traditional / standard / background / routine).
AIM: The aim of this study is to create a checklist capable of describing the different modalities employed in physiotherapeutic treatment by means of a non-bias, common, universal, standardised language.
DESIGN: A preliminary checklist was outlined by a group of physiotherapists specialised in child rehabilitation.
SETTING: For its experimentation, several physiotherapists from various paediatric units from all over Italy with different methodological approaches and backgrounds, were involved.
METHODS: Using the interpretative model, proposed by Ferrari et al., and through collective analysis and discussion of clinical videos, the core elements were progressively selected and codified. A reliability study was then carried out by eight expert physiotherapists using an inter-rate agreement model.
RESULTS: The checklist analyses therapeutic proposals of CP rehabilitation through the description of settings, exercises and facilitations and consists of items and variables which codify all possible physiotherapeutic interventions. It is accompanied by written explanations, demonstrative videos, caregiver interviews and descriptions of applied environmental adaptations. All checklist items obtained a high level of agreement (according to Cohen’s kappa coefficient), revealing that the checklist is clearly and easily interpretable.
CONCLUSION: The checklist should facilitate interaction and communication between specialists and families, and lead to comparable research studies and scientific advances.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: The main value is to be able to correlate therapeutic results with core elements of adopted physiotherapy.