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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2010 Marzo;46(1):59-67
Jumping combined exercise programs reduce fall risk and improve balance and life quality of elderly people who live in a long-term care facility
Cakar E. 1, Dincer U. 1, Kiralp M. Z. 1, Cakar D. B. 2, Durmus O. 1, Kilac H. 1, Soydan F. C. 3, Sevinc S. 3, Alper C. 3 ✉
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey;
2 Kadikoy Ilce Milli Egitim Mudurlugu, Kadikoy, Istanbul, Turkey;
3 TSK Camlica Ozel Bakim Merkezi, Camlica, Istanbul, Turkey
AIM: The objective of this study was to determine whether regular combined exercise program, which consists strength, stretching and aerobic exercises and additional jumping training, improve balance, fall risk, quality of life and depression status of older people living in a residential care.
METHODS: A total of 168 residents who live in a long term care facility were screened. The trial began with 78 eligible participants and they were randomly grouped as combined exercises program (COM) group that includes stretching, strength and aerobic exercises, and COM plus jumping (COMpJ) group. 66 of the participants finished the trial. The groups were convened three times a week for six weeks. Each group had a warm-up, effective training and a cooling down periods. The total exercising time was no longer than 45 minutes in each group. Berg balance test and Biodex Balance System for the assessment of the dynamic balance and fall risk, short form 36 (SF 36) for the health related quality of life and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) for evaluation of the depression status were used.
RESULTS: The balance improvement and fall risk reduction were observed in both of the groups at the end of the trial; however, the improvements were statistically better in jumping combined group. Also health related quality of life improved in both groups.
CONCLUSION: Regular group exercise in a long term care facility have several beneficial effects on the elderly residents in regard to balance improvement, fall risk reduction and quality of life. The addition of jumping to strength, stretching and aerobic exercises provides important contributions to balance improvement and fall risk reduction.