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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Online ISSN 1973-9095
Kanellopoulos A. D. 1, Mavrogenis A. F. 1, Mitsiokapa E. A. 2, Panagopoulos D. 1, Skouteli H. 3, Vrettos S. G. 4, Tzanos G. 2, Papagelopoulos P. J. 1
1 First Department of Orthopedics, Athens University Medical School, Athens, Greece;
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Thriasio Hospital, Elefsis, Greece;
3 Consultant Pediatric Neurologist, Athens, Greece;
4 Pediatric Physical Therapist, Athens, Greece
AIM: Botulinum toxin A injections and orthotics have been used to manage upper extremity spasticity in hemiplegic children. The authors performed a study to evaluate the necessity and effectiveness of a static night splint following outpatient botulinum toxin A treatment in children with upper limb spastic cerebral palsy.
METHODS: Twenty children with upper limb spastic cerebral palsy were treated with botulinum toxin A injections. A static night splint was applied in half of them. Objective assessment of upper limb function was performed at baseline, at 2 and 6 months after botulinum toxin A injection using the Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test.
RESULTS: After botulinum toxin A treatment, both groups showed an improvement on their previous functional level of the injected upper extremity. At 2 months, children in group A showed a 15.4% improvement, whereas children in group B improved by 12.2% from baseline; these were not statistically significant (P=0.326). At 6 months, group A still maintained a 15.9% improvement in function compared to group B which differed only by 4.2% from prebotulinum toxin A baseline; these differences were statistically significant (P=0.000). Complica-tions related to the botulinum toxin A injection were not observed. The static CONCLUSIONS: Static night splinting following botulinum toxin A injections has shown a definite treatment effect in reducing spasticity and improving function in children with upper limb spastic cerebral palsy.