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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2009 Giugno;45(2):165-70
Constraint induced movement therapy: efficacy in a Turkish stroke patient population and evaluation by a new outcome measurement tool
Dursun N. 1, Dursun E. 1, Sade I. 2, Çekmece Ç. 3
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine Kocaeli, Turkey
3 Yahya Kaptan Occupational Therapy School Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
Aim. The purpose of this study was to show if constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT) is effective in a Turkish stroke patient population and whether the effectiveness could be measured by a different evaluation tool, i.e. Kocaeli Functional Evaluation Test (KFET).
Methods. Twenty-five patients with subacute or chronic stroke were included in the study. At the beginning, all the patients received a conventional rehabilitation programme for 3 weeks. Seventeen patients who had no improvement in upper extremity functioning with this conventional programme received CIMT for 3 weeks. Active range of motion (ROM) and modified Ashworth scale of the plegic upper extremity were noted; Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) and KFET were performed to each patient before and after CIMT.
Results. Active ROM of shoulder flexion (P<0.001), abduction (P<0.001), and external rotation (P=0.005), wrist flexion (P=0.025), and extension (P<0.01) of the plegic upper extremity improved significantly after CIMT. There were significant improvements in functional ability scale (P<0.05 for all parameters) and performance time results of 13 (P<0.05 for all parameters) out of 15 parameters of WMFT. Significant improvements were observed in quality-ability scores of every subunit of each activity (P<0.05 for all parameters) and performance time scores (P<0.05 for all parameters) of KFET.
Conclusion. CIMT is found to be a noteworthy treatment for improving the function of the hemiplegic upper extremity in this Turkish patient population.