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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063
Europa Medicophysica 2007 September;43(3):339-44
Repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots for the treatment of stress incontinence: a brief report
Manganotti P. 1, Zaina F. 1, Vedovi E. 2, Pistoia L. 3, Rubilotta E. 4, D’Amico A. 4, Falso M. 1
1 Unit of Neurological Rehabilitation Department of Neurological and Visual Sciences University of Verona, Verona, Italy
2 Service of Functional Reeducation Policlinico G.B. Rossi, Verona, Italy
3 Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology S. Bonifacio Hospital, S. Bonifacio, Verona, Italy
4 Department of Urology Policlinico G. B. Rossi, Verona, Italy
Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the short and long-term effects of repetitive magnetic stimulation on the sacral roots in a homogeneous group of patients affected by stress incontinence.
Methods. Twenty women with urinary stress incontinence were randomly assigned to an active or a sham stimulation group. Fifteen-Hz repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots (S2-S4) was applied for 15 min. Patients were treated with magnetic stimulation for 3 days a week for 2 weeks (6 times in all). The clinical outcome was assessed before (T1) and 1 week (T2) and 1 month (T3) after stimulation. Main outcome measures were: the King’s Health Questionnaire, the SEAPI-QMM scale and the amount of urinary loss in a 1-h pad test and stress test.
Results. At T2 patients in the active stimulation group showed improvement in health perception (P<0.001), social limitation (P<0.01), sleep/energy performance (P<0.05) and severity measure score (P<0.05) not observed in the sham stimulation group; a significant decrease in SEAPI-QMM score was noted only in the active group at T2 (P<0.05). These results were no longer observed at T3. We also observed a decrease in the amount of urine loss quantified with the pad test and stress test in the active stimulation group.
Conclusion. Repetitive magnetic stimulation of the sacral roots has a short-term effect on some aspects of the quality of life of the patients, but it did not prove effective using quantified measurement.