Ricerca avanzata

Home > Riviste > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine > Fascicoli precedenti > Europa Medicophysica 2006 Marzo;42(1) > Europa Medicophysica 2006 Marzo;42(1):23-6



Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 2,063

Periodicità: Bimestrale

ISSN 1973-9087

Online ISSN 1973-9095


Europa Medicophysica 2006 Marzo;42(1):23-6


Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: complications in the short and long-term follow-up and efficacy on nutritional status

Varnier A., Iona L., Dominutti M. C., Deotto E., Bianchi L., Iengo A., Zacquini S., Di Benedetto P.

Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Rehabilitation, IMFR ASS4, Udine, Italy

Aim. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an accepted procedure for patients at risk of malnutrition, but it requires an invasive procedure and many complications can occur. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy, morbidity and mortality of PEG.
Methods. We analysed 68 inpatients who underwent a PEG procedure between January 1999 and August 2004 in our rehabilitation unit.
Results. A total of 26.5% of the examined patients died, but none of them due to PEG-related complications. Out of the 18 patients who died, 8 suffered from diabetes mellitus, thus showing a positive correlation between diabetes and mortality. The thirty-day mortality rate was of 1.5%; 30.9% of males and 23.1% of females developed an early peristomal infection, 4.4% of the patients suffered from stomal leakage, 1 patient pulled out the gastrostomy tube and 1 patient, accidentally, occurred to remove the tube. None major complication occurred. During the observation period nutritional parameters had been good in 10 patients, who had been followed for 33.3±16.1 months. These indexes were reduced with a significant statistical difference in deaed patients. Only 20.6% of the patients improved their autonomy, valued by Barthel index (BI), while in the other patients BI remained =10.
Conclusion. This study confirmed the safety of PEG in terms of mortality and complications. The presence of diabetes mellitus increased mortality. The nutritional indexes were significantly reduced in deaed patients, while they remained good in the survivors. Nevertheless, a good nutrition had the slightest influence on the functional status.

lingua: Inglese


inizio pagina