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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE
Rivista di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa dopo Eventi Patologici
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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Europa Medicophysica 2005 September;41(3):233-7
Nosocomial infections in the rehabilitation department
Santus G. 1, Brun C. 1, Viani P. 1, Pirali F. 2, Pirali F. 3
1 Rehabilitation Unit Saint Orsola Hospital, Brescia, Italy
2 Institute of Hygiene University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy
3 Clinical Pathology Laboratory Saint Orsola Hospital, Brescia, Italy
Aim. The patients of a Rehabilitation Department are at high risk of nosocomial infections because they generally have a long term hospitalisation and more and more frequently immunecompromised subjects, like old patients or with chronic illness, are admitted to rehabilitation programs. However, to evaluate the real infectious risk of a Rehabilitation Unit, it is important to consider also that a high number of patients are transferred from other hospitals after a specific therapy of the acute phase of their medical or surgical pathology and so many nosocomial microrganisms previously acquired may spread to a Rehabilitation Unit.
Methods. From January to December 2003 we have performed a screening of the bacteruria among the patients at admittance to the Rehabilitation Unit of S. Orsola Fatebenefratelli Hospital of Brescia (Italy).
Results. A significant bacteruria (>100000 cfu/mL) in 28.9% of 114 patients coming from home and in 41.9% of 179 patients transferred from other hospitals without antibacterial treatment has been documented.
Conclusion. These findings confirm the presence of an high number of patients colonized or infected by nosocomial bacteria previously acquired in hospital and underline the need, in addition to specific skill, of wide infectious knowledge among the medical staff of a Rehabilitation Unit. A specific approach to the infectious problem in the Rehabilitation Department in order to reduce the risk of nosocomial infections may be suggested.