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Online ISSN 1973-9095
RETURN TO DRIVING AFTER TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY - Part I
Guest Editors: Bruno Gradenigo, Anna Mazzucchi
Martelli S., Mazzucchi A.
From the Centro Cardinal Ferrari, Fontanellato (Parma)
Background. The ability to drive a car represents today an essential component of independent life. Standardised methods for judging car driving abilities are lacking.
Methods. The present research would contribute to obtain standardised methods to evaluate the car driving abilities after TBI in Italy, submitting a reference group of 38 normal subjects and a group of 31 TBI to 8 tasks included in the Traffic Psychology Vienna Test Battery.
Results. The scores obtained by the Italian normal sample respect to the Austrian normal sample are not significantly different in 11 out of the 14 considered parameters. The selected 8 tasks (14 parameters), part of the VTS, seem very sensitive in detect differences between the Italian normal matched subjects and the TBI Italian subjects. The preliminary comparison of scores obtained by two TBI subgroups (Driving vs Not-Driving) shows very small differences and suggests the legitimacy of doubts reported by different authors in literature about the necessity to submit TBI subjects to an exhaustive assessment BEFORE return to driving.
Conclusions. The next research step would be represented by the assessment of real drive skills on road of the same group of TBI subjects applying an observation in vivo made by a driving instructor to verify the reliability of the VTS selected tasks in discriminating bad and good drivers.