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Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Ardito S., Raciti G., Tirrò S.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Catania, Italy
BACKGROUND: In the present study, a group of pre-school-age and school-age children were screened for the presence of flatfeet. Electronic computerised podometry (ECP) was then used to assess the degree of flatness. ECP provides a means to study plantar attitude during quiet standing and gait, and even to reveal flatness in the presence of valgism of the rearfoot. Findings may then be used to plan and prescribe therapeutic exercise and orthotics.
METHODS: Firstly, we studied the anatomical and physical characteristics of each child’s deambulation, using a variety of clinical tests. At this stage, our aim was to identify any abnormalities. The ECP, which allowed us to determine plantar pressure, was also used. The various phases of a step were divided into 40 successive images, revealing whether any part of the foot was used too much or too little during gait. A total of 50 children were studied.
RESULTS: The results were then used to plan and prescribe rehabilitation treatment aimed at strengthening the children’s hypotonic muscles.
CONCLUSIONS: ECP gave rapid and reliable results and we can therefore recommend its use in the prevention and treatment of flatfeet in children.