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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Online ISSN 1827-1820
Unit of Dermatology, Centro Diagnostico Italiano, Milan, Italy
AIM: Moderate and chronic paronychia is a common disease affecting the hand. Treatment can be effective but the affection is often recurrent, especially as an occupational disease. Moreover, this condition may be complicated by a Candida spp or by bacterial infections. Therefore, general preventive measures can be useful in maintaining health. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of a new combination of topical medications in the treatment and prevention of moderate and chronic paronychia. This formulation includes an insulating polymer (Syn-cell barrier), two topical antifungals (octopirox and climbazole) and a molecule with anti-inflammatory activity (corticoid-like repair).
METHODS: Thirty adult subjects (age, 16-78 years; 24 females and 6 males) affected by moderate or chronic paronychia, with or without nail alterations, were evaluated. Included in the study were patients with allergic contact dermatitis (8), irritant contact dermatitis (19), psoriatic paronychia (2 patients), lichen planus of the nails (1 patient). Sometimes Candida spp or bacteria overlapped with paronychia (16 patients positive for Candida spp and 4 patients with bacterial paronychia), sometimes infectious paronychia was not associated with dermatitis of the hands. All 30 subjects were treated with a new cream formulation, three applications per day for 2 months. In 8 patients with proven and severe candidiasis of the nails, oral fluconazole 100 mg was added for 20 days. All patients with bacterial perionyxis took clarithromycin 500 mg twice daily for six days. Patients were then followed for 8 weeks.
RESULTS: After two months of treatment, 26 patients responded to therapy. In particular, the treatment evaluation at the end of the follow-up period showed a clinical cure in 46.6% (14 patients), improvement in 40% (12 patients), and failure in 13.4% (4 patients). There was a side effect (moderate skin irritation) in 2 patients, but the drug was not discontinued.
CONCLUSION: Results of the present study, based on its safety, effectiveness and innovative features, indicate that this combination of topical cream may be considered as a new alternative for treatment and prevention of paronychia, especially in case of occupational hand disease where prolonged treatment and continuous prevention are needed.