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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
Rivista di Dermatologia e Malattie Sessualmente Trasmesse
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2014 Agosto;149(4):423-6
Basal cell carcinoma: differences according to anatomic location and clinical-pathological subtypes
Pranteda G. 1, Grimaldi M. 2, Lombardi M. 1, Pranteda G. 3, Arcese A. 1, Cortesi G. 1, Muscianese M. 1, Bottoni U. 4 ✉
1 Unit of Dermatology, NESMOS Department, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, “Sapienza”, Ospedale Sant’Andrea, Rome, Italy;
2 Unit of Plastic Surgery, Madonna delle Grazie Hospital, Matera, Italia;
3 Unit of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, “Sapienza”, Umberto I Hospital, Rome, Italy;
4 Dipartment of Health Sciences, “Magna Graecia” University, Catanzaro, Italia
AIM: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin malignant neoplasm in humans. Its localization and its clinical-pathological aspects are fundamental for the treatment and the outcome of these tumors. We wanted to verify if different clinical-pathological subtypes of BCC may be present with different frequencies on single skin areas.
METHODS: Three hundred six patients affected by BCC seen in Sant’Andrea Hospital, U.O.C. Dermatology, NESMOS Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rome “Sapienza”, from January 2008 to December 2010, were retrospectively included in this study. Findings from all patients were tabulated and analyzed to characterize the clinical-pathological aspects of BCC according to their anatomic localization. We considered the following clinical subtypes of BCC, nodular, superficial, sclerodermiform, pearly and ulcerative.
RESULTS: One hundred ninety-seven out of 306 patients (64.4%) were localized on the head, 6 (1.9%) on the neck, 73 patients (23.9%) on the trunk, 2 (0.6%) on the perineum, 4 (1.3%) on upper limbs and 24 (7.9%) on legs. On the head BCC were mostly nodular (44.7%). On the trunk they were mostly superficial (34.3%). BCC on legs were ulcerative in all the 24 patients.
CONCLUSION: Our data confirm that BCC may have different clinical-pathological aspects on single skin areas. Interestingly in our casistic BCC on the legs were present in an uncommon high percentage. They presented as ulcerative lesions and this fact leads to conclude that in every patient presenting a chronic ulcer on the leg with difficulty to be cured a biopsy is mandatory to put in evidence the possible presence of BCC and consequently to perform the correct surgical treatment to obtain a complete response for the patient.