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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA
Rivista di Dermatologia e Malattie Sessualmente Trasmesse
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,014
PHYSICIANS’ POINT OF VIEW ON ACTINIC KERATOSIS
Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2014 Aprile;149(2):185-92
Physicians’ opinions and clinical practice patterns for actinic keratosis management in Italy
Peris K. 1, Neri L. 2, Calzavara Pinton P. 3, Catricalà C. 4, Pellacani G. 5, Pimpinelli N. 6, Peserico A. 7 ✉
1 Department of General Oncological Dermatology, L’Aquila University, L’Aquila, Italy;
2 Department of Clinical Community Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy;
3 Dermatologic Clinic, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy;
4 IFO-Istituto Dermatologico Santa Maria e San Gallicano IRCCS, Rome, Italy;
5 Operative Unit of Dermatology, Policlinico di Modena University Hospital, Modena, Italy;
6 Unit of Dermatology and Dermatologic Physiotherapy, Azienda Sanitaria di Firenze, Department of Surgery and Transational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy;
7 DIMED Department of Medicine Dermatologic Clinic, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
AIM: We report dermatologists’ opinions and clinical practice patterns about clinical factors driving decision making in the management of actinic keratosis (AK) in Italy.
METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional survey among 33 Italian dermatologists. Physicians were asked to report their management choices in consecutive patients with AK seen at their practice within 2 weeks since study initiation. We collected patients’ clinical and socio-demographic characteristics with a standardized data collection form and assessed physicians’ opinions on AK management with a self-reported questionnaire.
RESULTS: Six hundred fifty-seven patients with new, single AK lesions without evidence of photo-damaged skin in the surrounding areas, were predominantly treated with lesion-directed therapies (primarily cryotherapy). In contrast, physicians preferentially prescribed field-directed therapies to patients with multiple lesions and evidence of photo-damaged skin in AK surrounding areas. However we observed a wide variation in treatment choices and physicians’ opinions on AK management. Dermatologists underlined the importance of fostering patients’ adherence and minimize therapy side effects.
CONCLUSION: Overall, our results show that current guidelines regarding management of AK are only partially integrated in dermatology practice. The active dissemination of up-to-date national guidelines might help harmonize clinical decision making in this complex and fast growing therapeutic area.