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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2016 December;57(6):872-80
Treatment strategies for carotid artery aneurysms
Lazar DAVIDOVIC 1, 2, Igor KONCAR 1, 2, Marko DRAGAS 1, 2, Nikola ILIC 1, 2, Igor BANZIC 1, 2, Sinisa U. PAVLOVIC 1, 3, Miroslav MARKOVIC 1, 2, Natasa RISTANOVIC 2 ✉
1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; 2 Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Serbian Clinical Center, Belgrade, Serbia; 3 Clinic for Cardiology, Serbian Clinical Center, Belgrade, Serbia
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to present single centre experience in the treatment of extra cranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECCA) and to analyze results discussing different treatment modalities.
METHODS: The study analyzed 60 patients with 62 ECCA treated surgically at the Clinic for vascular and endovascular surgery, Serbian Clinical Center (Belgrade) in the period between 1985 and 2013. Treatment strategy was individually selected and demographic, morphologic, intraoperative and postoperative data were collected.
RESULTS: Thirty-day operative mortality was 3.3% and completely stroke related. Besides two fatal strokes one additional was registered making total number of 3 (4.8%) postoperative strokes. Only one (1.6%) early graft thrombosis has been found. The 30-day-patency rate was 98.4%. During the same period seven local complications were found: three (4.8%) hemorrhage and four (6.4%) cranial nerves injuries. In all cases of hemorrhage successful re-intervention was performed without any consequences. Cranial nerves injuries included transient contusions of hypoglossal (2) and superior laryngeal nerve (2).
CONCLUSIONS: The etiology, location, and morphology of an ECCA are determining selection of appropriate therapy. Large or tortuous aneurysms, as well as aneurysms involving common carotid or proximal internal carotid artery, are also absolutely indicated to open surgical therapy. Aneurysms which involve the distal internal carotid artery and false anastomotic aneurysms are best managed with endovascular techniques. The ligature is indicated for the treatment of external carotid aneurysms, mycotic aneurysms with local infection and in ruptured ECCA with uncontrolled bleeding.