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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica


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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2016 October;57(5):686-97

lingua: Inglese

Branched and fenestrated options to treat aortic arch aneurysms

Blandine MAUREL 1, 2, Tara M. MASTRACCI 2, Rafaelle SPEAR 1, Adrien HERTAULT 1, Richard AZZAOUI 1, Jonathan SOBOCINSKI 1, Stephan HAULON 1

1 Aortic Center, Cardiology Hospital, Lille University Hospitals, Lille, France; 2 Aortic Team, Royal Free London, NHS Foundation Trust, London, England, UK


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Conventional surgical repair of aortic arch aneurysms using cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermic circulatory arrest remains the gold standard, however it is associated with a substantial mortality and morbidity rate, especially in the elderly. Hybrid techniques avoid aortic cross-clamping and circulatory arrest, but are of limited use and are only applicable to selected patients. The development of new devices to treat aortic arch aneurysms endovascularly has the potential to offer a treatment modality to patients unfit for an open repair. We present the challenges specific to endovascular arch repair based on our experience and the literature available from the first experience in 1999 to the third generation graft currently commonly used. Following an initial learning curve associated with the use of the third generation arch branch device, along with careful patient selection and operator experience, early results are promising. Technical success was achieved in all cases, there was no early mortality and strokes were noted in 11%. As with branched and fenestrated technology for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair, the use of total endovascular repair for arch pathology will require an evolution in endovascular practice and device design. However, at present, the early use of the latest generation device offers a novel approach to patients who previously had no surgical options.

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haulon@hotmail.com