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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2015 December;56(6):853-7
How safe are carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting in the early period after carotid-related cerebral ischemia?
Rantner B. ✉
Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
Timing of treatment in carotid artery disease is still a matter of debate. So far there is controversial literature available concerning the safety of rapid treatment after a qualifying neurological event. Carotid endarterectomy turned out to be more effective in stroke prevention when carried out closer after the onset of symptoms. The initial “two weeks” cut off for surgery meanwhile turned into a “as soon as possible” treatment policy. In case of a cerebral infarction it seems reasonable, however, to delay surgery. Less evidence exists about the ideal timing of carotid artery stenting. Data analysis from the Carotid Stenosis Trialists’ Collaboration showed that the early days after plaque rupture carry a high risk for periprocedural complications after carotid artery stenting. The analysis of a large register series showed, that carotid artery stenting carried a significantly higher risk for complications in patients with and without cerebral infarction when performed within 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.