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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2014 Ottobre;55(5):671-7
Proximal aortic neck angle does not affect early and late EVAR outcomes: an AnacondaTM Italian Registry analysis
Freyrie A. 1, Gallitto E. 1, Gargiulo M. 1, Mascoli C. 1, Faggioli G. 1, Pini R. 1, Pratesi C. 2, Stella A. 1 ✉
1 Vascular Surgery, Policlinico S. Orsola‑Malpighi, Alma Mater Studiorum, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy;
2 Vascular Surgery, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italia
AIM: The aim of this paper was to evaluate early and 3-year results of the endovascular repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using the AnacondaTM endograft in patients with severe proximal aortic neck angle.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the AnacondaTM Italian Registry was carried out. Two groups of patients were identified according to the presence of a severe (Group A, GA: ≥60°) or an absent (Group B, GB: <45°) proximal aortic neck angle. Preoperative, procedural and follow-up data were evaluated. Mortality, proximal type I endoleak, freedom from iliac leg thrombosis and conversion to open repair were analyzed at 30-day and 3-year follow-up. The results of GA and GB were compared.
RESULTS: From 2005 to 2012, 1030 patients were enrolled in the Registry. Sixty-five patients (6.3%) were included in GA and 737 (71.5%) in GB. The mean age and AAA diameter were respectively 76.8 years and 62.7 mm in GA and 77.2 years and 56.5 mm in GB (P=NS). The ASA≥3 was reported in the 95.3% of GA vs. 81% of GB (P=0.005). The endograft main-body was repositioned in 35% of cases in GA and 20.7% in GB (P=0.008); there were no differences in the main-body ballooning and proximal aortic cuff placement. There were no statistical differences in 30-day mortality (GA 1.5% vs. GB 1.3%), proximal type I endoleaks (GA 1.5% vs. GB 0.8%), iliac leg thrombosis (GA 1.5% vs. GB 1.4%) and conversion to open repair (GA 3% vs. GB 0.6%). The 3-year survival was 95.4% in GA and 94.7% in GB (P=NS). Freedom from proximal type I endoleak, iliac leg thrombosis and conversion to open repair were respectively 98.5%, 95.4%, and 95.4% in GA and 97.8%, 96.9%, and 98.5% in GB (P=NS).
CONCLUSION: The AnacondaTM Italian Registry reports good results in terms of clinical success at 3-year follow-up. AAA with severe proximal aortic neck can be treated with similar outcomes to AAA with favorable neck anatomy. The endograft repositionability is a benefit in cases with severe neck angle.