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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN THE TREATMENT OF CRITICAL LIMB ISCHEMIA
Department of Interventional Radiology, Patras University Hospital, Patras, Greece
Antiplatelet therapy is essential for critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients, both as primary prevention for ischemic events and as adjuvant pharmacotherapy in order to avoid acute or late thrombo-occlusive events and maintain patency following peripheral endovascular or open surgical limb-salvage revascularization procedures. According to currently updated international guidelines clopidogrel as monotherapy or as part of dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended in CLI patients, while recent evidence delineated the beneficial effect of cilostazol in patients undergoing peripheral endovascular angioplasty or stenting as its administration resulted in a decrease of restenosis and clinically-driven reinterventions, as well as in the enhancement of platelet inhibition. This review aims in discussing recent evidence on the topic of antiplatelet therapy in CLI patients, with a special focus on the use of clopidogrel and cilostazol.