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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2014 June;55(3):359-65
Long-term outcome after acute type A aortic dissection: does an age limit still exist?
Di Marco L., Pacini D., Leone A., Petridis F. D., Bissoni L., Di Bartolomeo R., Marinelli G. ✉
Cardiac Surgery Department, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
AIM: Aim of the study was to analyze outcome in patients who underwent surgery following type A aortic dissections and to evaluate the long-term survival rates in patients 70 years of age and older and those under 70 years of age, and in males as compared to females.
METHODS: Between September 1997 and October 2008, 154 patients were retrospectively enrolled. There were 102 males (66.2%) and 52 females (33.8%) with a mean age of 63.5±12; seven patients (4.5%) were over 80 years of age, 46 (29.8%) were between 70 and 80 years of age and 101 were under 70 years of age at the time of surgery. We compared patients 70 years of age and older with those under 70 years of age, analyzing the early and long-term survival results and postoperative complications.
RESULTS: Overall in-hospital mortality was 17.5% and permanent neurological dysfunction occurred in 10 patients (6.5%). Twenty patients (12.9%) died during follow-up. Among the males, the long-term survival rate was 80%, 68% and 51% at 1, 5 and 10 years, respectively. Among the females, survival rate was 84.6%, 72.3% and 47.5% at 1, 5 and 10 years, respectively. Five- and 10-year survival rates were 78.1% and 59.4%, respectively, for patients under 70 years of age, and 50.8% at 5 years and 26.1% at 10 years for those over 70.
CONCLUSION: Patients might not be excluded from surgical intervention for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) only due to age. It is important to consider biological age and the clinical features of the patients at the time of surgery. Age is a relative but not absolute contraindication for surgery in ATAAD. Long-term survival was not statistically different between males and females.