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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica


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REVIEWS  CRITICAL LIMB ISCHEMIA AND DIABETIC FOOT: AN UPDATE


The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2013 December;54(6):737-54

Copyright © 2013 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Management of ischemic diabetic foot

Caravaggi C. 1, Ferraresi R. 1, Bassetti M. 2, Sganzaroli A. B. 1, Galenda P. 1, Fattori S. 1, De Prisco R. 1, Simonetti D. 1, Bona F. 1

1 Diabetic Foot Department Città Studi Clinical Istitute, Milan, Italy; 2 Clinic of Infective Diseases Santa Maria della Misericordia University Hospital Udine, Italy


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Diabetic foot pathology represent the more disabling complication of diabetes. More the 1 million of diabetes patients undergo a lower limb amputation per year; 85% of these amputation are preceded by un ulcer that can be avoided by a prevention program. Critical limb ischemia (CLI), the only independent cause of major amputation in diabetic population, can be correctly treated when an early diagnosis is made. Both endoluminal and surgical revascularization procedures can be applied in diabetes with high rate of success when performed by skilled operator. Infection of diabetic foot, in particular in patients suffering from peripheral artery disease (PVD), may rapidly evolves in severe local or systemic infection putting the patient at high risk of major amputation or death. Together with an early diagnosis of infection and ischemia it is mandatory to apply a correct medical and surgical treatment protocol with the aim to control infection and to improve blood perfusion to the foot. In case of infection surgical procedure should be applied first while revascularization procedure will follow soonest. Antibiotic therapy should be chosen considering different local biological pattern and different type of infection. Reconstructive surgery, the last step in treatment of any diabetic foot lesion, must obtain a functional residual foot or a stump that will allow the patient to go back walking soonest with residual good walking capacity.

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caravaggi@me.com