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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2013 October;54(5):625-31
Acute limb ischemia in nonagenarians
Galzerano G., de Donato G., Setacci F., Sirignano P., Sauro L., Cappelli A., Setacci C. ✉
Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurosciences Unit of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery University of Siena, Siena, Italy
Aim: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is not infrequently associated with limb loss (10-30%) or death of the affected patient (15-30%). These results can be even worse in elderly population. The aim of this study is to quantify safety and efficacy of early revascularization in over 90 years old patients with acute limb ischemia.
Methods: This is a prospective registry lasting from January 2012 to January 2013. We include all consecutive over 90 years patients treated for ALI (N.=15). A careful preoperative Duplex scan (DS) were performed in each patient. All patients underwent surgery by Fogarty’s embolectomy, and endovascular completion procedure if needed (N.=3).
Results: We performed 18 revascularizations (15 lower limbs, 3 upper limbs) in 15 patients (2 staged bilateral femoral, 1 simultaneous bilateral femoral). The mean follow-up was 124 days (4-365). Technical success was obtained in 16 cases (88.9%). At disharge mortality was 5.9% (1 case), and amputation rate was 6.2% (1 pt). The Kaplan-Meier curves at 1 year revealed an estimated freedom from death, amputation and re-occlusion of 76.5%, 88.2%, and 71.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: The over 90 years old patient represent a challenging case for vascular surgeon. Vascular procedures involve high mortality rate but emergent revascularization by Fogarty Embolectomy in ALI is safe and effective even in older patient.