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Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,632
Online ISSN 1827-191X
Filosso P. L., Giobbe R., Brussino L., Ruffini E., Oliaro A.
1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy;
2 Department of Internal Medicine, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
The management of persistent air leaks (PALs) is one of the most common problems in general thoracic surgery, especially after elective pulmonary resections. The statistically most frequent air leak is caused by alveolar-pleural fistula (APF), which is defined as a link between the pulmonary parenchyma distal to a segmental bronchus, and the pleural space. Prolonged air leaks result in an increase in patient’s hospital length of stay with possible infectious complications, aside from an overall hospitalization cost increase. The ability to discharge a patient who would otherwise depend on continuous aspiration, because chronic PALs represent a very important clinical and technological improvement. We describe the case of a patient with chronic PALs and pneumothorax due to pulmonary fibrosis secondary to rheumatoid arthritis, with diffuse pulmonary nodules, in which surgical attempts to manage air leaks were ineffective. He was successfully home-assisted with a new chest drainage system with automatic constant negative suction pressure.