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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2010 June;51(3):377-82
Hybrid treatment of aortic arch aneurysms
Troisi N., Pratesi G., Fargion A., Dorigo W., Pulli R., Acquafresca M., Pratesi C. ✉
1 Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Florence, Florence, Italy;
2 Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy;
3 Department of Radiology, Careggi Hospital Florence, Italy
AIM: Aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the experience of a single center in the hybrid treatment of aortic arch aneurysms.
METHODS: From January 2005 to August 2008 a hybrid treatment for complex aortic aneurysms (aortic arch, thoracoabdominal aorta or thoracic and abdominal segments at the same time) was performed in 34 patients. In 11 cases a hybrid exclusion of an aortic arch aneurysm was carried out. Perioperative results in terms of morbidity and mortality were assessed. Follow-up examination consisted of computed tomography scan and chest X-ray at discharge, 6 and 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Mid-term survival and graft-related complications were analyzed.
RESULTS: All the patients were males with a mean age of 74 years, range 68-81. Intraoperative technical success was achieved in all the cases. At 30 days one patient died for an acute stroke. The overall 30-day mortality rate was 9.1%. One frenic nerve paralysis and one acute re-spiratory failure with pneumonia were observed with an overall 30-day major morbidity rate of 18.2%. During follow-up (mean duration 19.3 months, range 1-36) no death, reintervention, conversion, aneurysm-related complication or graft thrombosis were recorded.
CONCLUSION: Hybrid approaches to the treatment of complex aortic lesions involving the arch can be successfully used. However, perioperative complications remain still not irrelevant and long-term efficacy has to be proved.