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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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REVIEWS MANAGEMENT OF THE “POLYVASCULAR PATIENT”
Concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease
Myocardial revascularization and concomitant carotid artery disease
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2009 February;50(1):71-81
Does the risk of post-CABG stroke merit staged or synchronous reconstruction in patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid disease?
Naylor A. R.
Department of Vascular Surgery Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester UK
In the absence of randomized trials, the optimal management of patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease remains disputable. The initial studies of combined or staged carotid endarterectomy in these patients were conceived in an attempt to reduce perioperative mortality. Although encouraging results have been reported with combined carotid endarterectomy and cardiac surgery, this combination requires long operative times and remains a surgical challenge. Recent studies have shown that carotid angioplasty and stenting prior to cardiac surgery is a feasible and effective minimal invasive technique. However, the effect of carotid stenting on the incidence of death and stroke after cardiac surgery is indistinct. Carotid stenting followed by cardiac surgery may provide a valuable treatment for patients with combined carotid and cardiac disease. The high rate of freedom from death and stroke during follow-up supports the long-term durability of this strategy. In the present review, we highlight the available data on carotid stenting and cardiac surgery.