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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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REVIEWS RECENT ADVANCES IN THORACIC ENDOGRAFTING
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2008 August;49(4):449-60
Aortic dissection and its endovascular management
Hinchliffe R. J., Halawa M., Holt P. J., Morgan R., Loftus I., Thompson M. M.
St George’s Regional Vascular Institute, London, UK
Aortic dissection is the commonest life threatening event involving the aorta, affecting 5-10 per million people per year. Without treatment, half of patients with acute proximal aortic dissections die within 24 hours, and 60% of patients with acute distal aortic dissections die within 1 month. Only 10% of patients with proximal dissections and 40% of those with distal dissections will be alive at 1 year. Patients with chronic distal dissections are at risk of aortic rupture with nearly 20% requiring intervention. The aim of management of aortic dissection is to reduce propagation of the dissection plane and prevent the fatal complications of this condition. A paradigm shift in the surgical management of these patients began in the late 1990s with the reporting of two small series of patients being treated with custom-designed covered stents delivered through a unilateral arteriotomy. Both studies demonstrated the feasibility and technical success in endovascular sealing of the proximal intimal entry tear in patients with type B thoracic dissections.