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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2008 April;49(2):285-8
Concomitant carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting versus staged carotid stenting followed by coronary artery bypass grafting
Abbasi K., Fadaei Araghi M., Zafarghandi M., Karimi A., Ahmadi H., Marzban M., Movahedi N., Abbasi S. H., Moshtaghi N.
1 Tehran Heart Center Medical Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Surgery, Sina Hospital Medical Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Aim. Significant carotid stenosis (≥70%) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) can increase the risk of perioperative cerebral vascular accident (CVA). In this study, we compared the results of two common operative strategies: concomitant carotid endarterectomy and CABG versus carotid stenting and CABG.
Methods. This cohort study was conducted from January 2001 to September 2006. Significant carotid artery stenosis was detected in patients who were candidates for CABG at the Tehran Heart Center. The stenosis was detected by carotid Doppler screening and was confirmed by magnetic resonance angiography. Reluctant patients or those with previous major CVA, significant bilateral carotid stenosis and intracranial lesions were excluded. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group A underwent concomitant carotid endarterectomy and CABG (n=19), while carotid stenting and CABG were done in group B (n=28).
Results. The mean age in group A was 67.37±7.09 years and 65.57±8.13 years in group B. The mean hospital stay (days) was 18.68±7.95 in group A and 26.35±77.04 in group B (P=0.01). The median charge was $252.79 in group A and $2206.66 in group B (P <0.0001). There was a significant difference in frequency of hypotension and bradycardia between the 2 groups (P <0.05). There were 2 cases of in-hospital mortality in each group (10.5% and 7.1%, respectively). Two postoperative strokes occurred in group A and 3 in group B (10.5% and 10.7%, respectively).
Conclusion. Concomitant carotid endarterectomy and CABG is as safe as carotid stenting and CABG, with fewer neurologic events and less hypotension, bradycardia, cost and shorter hospital stay.