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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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CASE REPORTS VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2008 April;49(2):235-9
Advential cystic disease of the popliteal artery: experience of a single vascular and endovascular center
Setacci F., Sirignano P., G. de Donato, E. Chisci, Palasciano G., Setacci C.
Vascular and Endovascular Unit Department of Surgery University of Siena, Italy
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) is an uncommon condition with only around 300 cases reported in the literature. ACD consists of a collection of gelatinous material within a cyst, that is adjacent or surrounding a vessel. In the last five years three cases of ACD have been observed: the first case was a 48-year-old man, ex nicotine abuser, with a four-month history of progressive claudication; the second case was a 55-year-old man, ex nicotine abuser, with ischemic heart failure and a one-year history of progressive claudication; the third case was a 70-year-old man, with diabetes, dislipidemia and current nicotine abuser with a few-day history of acute pain in the right leg. In two cases the cysts were incised and the contents evacuated. The adventitia was repaired and the wound closed. The first patient is currently asymptomatic after four years from surgery. The second one, at 21 months, follow-up, presented newly severe claudication. Duplex ultrasound scan and computed tomography angiography demonstrated a cranial progression of the lesions. This lesion was treated with bare stent, with complete regression of the symptoms. The third patient was treated with interposition of an autogenous saphenous vein. The patient is asymptomatic at the three-month follow-up. Even if ACD is quite rare, it should be taken in consideration in young patients with severe claudication and no- or poor comorbidities. The best treatment is the incision of the cysts and the advential reconstruction. Short lesions can be treated with endovascular therapy.