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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2008 February;49(1):103-11
Early mortality predictors in coronary artery bypass grafting patients required intra-aortic balloon pump in perioperative and postoperative periods
Karimi A., Ahmadi H., Davoodi S., Marzban M., Movahedi N., Abbasi K., Salehiomran A., Sadeghian S., Hesameddin Abbasi S., Yazdanifard P.
1 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department Tehran Heart Center, Medical Sciences University of Tehran, Iran
2 Cardiology Department, Tehran Heart Center Medical Sciences, University of Tehran, Iran
3 Clinical Reaserch Department, Tehran Heart Center Medical Sciences, University of Tehran, Iran
Aim. The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is commonly used for decreasing myocardial oxygen demand by systolic unloading in perioperative heart failure. The aim of this study was to determine perioperative prognostic factors for in-hospital mortality in coronary artery bypass grafting patients who received the intraaortic balloon pump.
Methods. A total of 271 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and received intra-aortic balloon pump perioperatively between January 2002 and September 2006 were studied. The preoperative, operative and postoperative risk factors for early death were evaluated.
Results. Early mortality rate in the study population was 17.3%. From variables entered into multivariate logistic regression the following parameters were identified as prognostic factors for early death: left main disease, diabetes, postoperative renal failure and cardiac arrest (P<0.05). The minor and major intra-aortic balloon pump related complications were not significant in univariate and multivariate analysis and its rate was 3.6%.
Conclusion. According to our study the mortality of IABP group is low compared to other studies, as well as IABP-associated complications. Also it revealed that there is no correlation between IABP-associated complications and early mortality.