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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2007 August;48(4):491-5
Endovascular repair of ruptured aneurysms of the infrarenal abdominal aorta: feasibility and results
Hassen-Khodja R., Jean-Baptiste E., Haudebourg P., Declemy S., Batt M., Bouillanne P.-J.
Department of Vascular Surgery Saint Roch Hospital, Nice, France
Aim. Endovascular repair may represent an interesting alternative to open surgery for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). This study evaluated the feasibility and short-term results of endovascular repair of ruptured AAA at our center.
Methods. Between April 2004 and December 2005, all patients admitted to our center for a ruptured AAA were considered for endovascular repair. Patients whose hemodynamic status was too unstable to permit a preoperative CT scan and patients with an unfavorable anatomy for endovascular repair underwent open surgery. Endovascular repair consisted in emergency placement of an aorto-uni-iliac endograft associated with a crossover femoro-femoral bypass and deployment of an occluder in the contralateral common iliac artery. Follow-up postoperative CT scans were obtained 1, 6, 12 and 18 months after intervention and then annually. Data concerning diagnosis, the operative risk, treatment, and follow-up were collated prospectively in a registry and were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis.
Results. Between April 2004 and December 2005, 17 patients were admitted to our Department for a ruptured AAA. Ten patients (59 %) underwent emergency endovascular repair and were included in this study (8 men and 2 women, mean age 81 years, range 51-97). The mean duration of the operation was 167 ± 37 min. The mean blood transfusion volume was 3 700 ± 1 400 mL. The mean duration of hospitalization was 19 days (range: 9-60). Mortality at day 30 was 20% (2 patients): one death occurred on day 2 due to multi-organ failure in an 80-year-old patient and another death occurred on day 2 owing to myocardial infarction in an 87-year-old patient. Mean follow-up was 6 months. Late mortality occurred in 2 cases. No endoleaks were observed during follow-up.
Conclusion. Our initial results using endografts for the repair of ruptured AAA were satisfactory, with a feasibility of 59% and an operative mortality of 20%. Randomized studies are necessary to determine the true value of endovascular repair of ruptured AAA compared to conventional open repair.