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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2006 Aprile;47(2):171-6
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for treatment of “below-the-knee” critical limb ischemia: early outcomes following the use of sirolimus-eluting stents
Bosiers M., Deloose K., Verbist J., Peeters P.
Department of Vascular Surgery AZ St-Blasius, Dendermonde Belgium and the Department of Cardiovascular And Thoracic, Imelda Hospital, Bonheiden, Belgium
Aim. We investigated the safety and efficacy of sirolimus-eluting stents in the treatment of patients with severe ‘below-the-knee’ critical limb ischemia.
Methods. Between October 2004 and January 2005 we performed 20 percutaneous transluminal angioplasty procedures on 18 patients (7 female, 11 male, mean age 72.8 years), implanting 24 sirolimus-eluting stents. At pre-procedure, 12 patients (66.7%) presented with a Rutherford Category 4, 4 (22.2%) with Category 5 and 2 (11.1%) with Category 6. The majority of patients (72.2%, n=13) were non-smokers and 77.8% (n=14) presented with hypercholesterolemia. Calcification was present in 52.2% (n=12) of lesions. Pre-dilation was performed in half the patients. The majority of lesions (95.7%, n=22) were treated with a single sirolimus-eluting stent. Two patients underwent 2 procedures, each one receiving 2 sirolimus-eluting stents. Clinical examination and quantitative vascular analysis were performed in all patients at discharge and at 6-month follow-up.
Results. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was successfully performed on all 18 patients. The mean stent length and stent diameter were 30.29 mm and 3.23 mm, respectively. Mean follow-up was 256 days (170-368 days). At the 6-month follow-up, the minimum lumen diameter as measured by Quantitative Vessel Analysis was 2.39 mm with an attendant LLS of 0.38 mm. The overall 6-month survival and limb salvage rate were 94.4% and 94%, respectively.
Conclusion. Our results suggest that treatment with sirolimus-eluting stents can be considered as an effective and safe treatment of patients with critical ischemia.