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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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THORACIC AORTA ENDOGRAFTING
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2005 April;46(2):141-7
Great vessels transposition and aortic arch exclusion
Bergeron P. 1, Coulon P. 1, De Chaumaray T. 1, Ruiz M. 1, Mariotti F. 1, Gay J. 1, Mangialardi N. 2, Costa P. 2, Serreo E. 2, Cavazzini C. 2, Tuccimei I. 2
1 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Saint Joseph Hospital, Marseille, France
2 Department of Vascular Surgery, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome, Italy
Aim. We describe our experience in endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms and Dissections (TAAD) involving the aortic arch in high risk patients (HRP).
Methods. Twenty-nine patients presented with TAAD involving the aortic arch and were treated by endovascular exclusion. Pathologies were as follows: atherosclerotic aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta in 15 cases, acute Stanford type A dissections in 6 cases, Stanford type B dissections in 7 cases (1 acute), and 1 false aneurysm of the ascending aorta. Total-arch transpositions of all supra-aortic vessels (aortic debranching) to the ascending aorta were done in 11 cases throught median sternotomy. We performed carotido-carotid bypass (hemi-arch transposition) in 16 patients by cervicotomy. Secondary to surgical transpositions, we placed endovascular stentgrafts in all but 2 patients for final exclusion, the 2 remaining being planned for later exclusion. The Talent®, Excluder®, TAG® and Zenith® endografts were used in 12, 3, 1 and 4 cases respectively. Banding technique was associated in some cases.
Results. All surgical transpositions were successful although 1 led to a minor stroke (1/29=3.5%), which worsened to major stroke after endovascular exclusion. Endovascular procedures were performed in all but one case (26/27=96.3%). Two patients (2/26=7.7%) died from catheterization related complications after endovascular exclusion (iliac rupture and left ventricle perforation). One patient had a delayed minor stroke (1/26=3.8%). Recirculation was found in 13.3% (2/15) of aneurysms and 27.3% of thoracic false channels. During a mean follow-up of 15.7 months (13 days to 45.5 months), 1 patient (1/26=3.8%) who had preoperative chronic pulmonary failure died at 6 months from respiratory worsening. We observed one case (3.8%) of unilateral limb palsy unrelated to cerebral ischemia, which we successfully treated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage. No stent-related complication was seen. One new type 1 endoleak appeared at 12 months on an aneurysm, which resolved after stentgraft extension. Three thoracic dissection false channels remained patent during follow-up, of which one was retrograde originating distally in the descending aorta.
Conclusion. Secondary endovascular exclusion of thoracic aortic diseases involving the arch in HRP is made feasible thanks to the preliminary aortic debranching. Total-arch transposition may be of greater interest in case of proximal neck length uncertainty and potential embolization from the aortic arch. Mid-term results are good although patients must be followed carefully to detect aortic recirculation and enlargement.