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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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III. MANAGEMENT OF THE “POLYVASCULAR PATIENT”
1. CONCOMITANT CAROTID AND CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
B. Myocardial revascularization and concomitant carotid artery disease THE MULTIFOCAL ATHEROSCLEROTIC PATIENT
DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT IN 2003
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2003 June;44(3):401-5
Carotid intervention prior to or during coronary artery bypass grafting. When is it necessary?
Bandyk D. F., Back M. R., Johnson B. L., Shames M. L.
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA
Management of patients with advanced atherosclerosis involving the extra-cranial carotid and coronary arteries should be individualized based on symptoms and disease severity. A liberal policy to identify high-grade carotid stenosis using duplex ultrasound testing prior to coronary revascularization is recommended. Carotid intervention is efficacious for stroke reduction in patients with severe (>70% diameter reduction), bilateral internal carotid artery disease, especially if testing indicates abnormal cerebral perfusion via the circle of Willis. The morbidity of a combined carotid-coronary revascularization procedure should be less than 5%, but higher stroke and death rates can be expected in urgent cases with recent hemispheric symptoms. Patients with symptomatic >50% internal carotid artery stenosis should be considered for carotid endarterectomy at the time of coronary revascularization. Carotid angioplasty with cerebral protection is also an appropriate option in “high-risk” cardiac patients, especially in vascular centers with expertise and experience in performing this procedure. A policy of carotid endarterectomy prior to coronary bypass grafting is justified only in patients with stable coronary disease, good ejection fraction, and is best-performed using regional anesthesia.