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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2002 October;43(5):681-6
Selection of surgical methods for infected infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms
Nakajima T., Kawazoe K., Izumoto H., Kawase T., Mukaida M., Kataoka T., Oka T.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery Iwate Medical University Memorial Heart Center Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan
Background. There is no standard treatment for patients with infected abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). To determine the basis for selection of a surgical method, we reviewed our experiences with all patients who underwent surgery for infected infrarenal AAA.
Methods. Between 1993 and 2000, 6 patients with infected infrarenal AAA underwent surgery. Extra-anatomic bypass grafting was performed in 2 of 3 patients with infection extending into the retroperitoneum. In situ grafting was performed in 3 patients with localized infection and in 1 patient with extended infection.
Results. Severe peritonitis occurred in 2 patients with extended infection in the early postoperative phase. One patient, who had undergone in situ grafting, died of sepsis. The other patient, who had undergone extra-anatomic bypass grafting, was treated by continuous irrigation with an electrolyzed strong acid aqueous solution (ESAAS). He recovered gradually and was discharged. After a follow-up period with a mean of 40 months (range: 17-102 months), all 5 patients who survived surgery are alive and asymptomatic.
Conclusions. It was suggested that the method used for revascularization should be selected based on the degree of diffusion of infection. For a patient with extended infection, postoperative continuous irrigation with ESAAS appears to be effective in eradicating retroperitoneal infection.