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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES VASCULAR SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2002 April;43(2):223-30
Spectral and profile analysis of Doppler recording following below-knee arterial distal bypasses
Abraham P., Eudo M., Picquet J. *, Saumet J. L., Vielle B. **, Enon B. *
From the Department of Vascular Investigations *Vascular Surgery and **Medical Biostatics CHU, Angers, France
Background. Arterial below knee distal bypasses are associated with a high risk of thrombosis as compared to proximal bypasses. We assumed that before the bypass occludes, in the early postsurgical period, measurable velocity changes, and/or the presence of high intensity transient signals (HITS) would occur.
Methods. Settings: institutional reference center, hospitalized patients. Subjects: satisfactory Doppler recording was obtained in 51 among 61 consecutive patients (32 males, 19 females, height: 165±7cm, weight: 68±12 kg) suffering lower extremity arterial disease, that underwent saphenous (n=33), prosthetic (n=4) or sequential (n=14) below knee bypasses. We performed a spectral and profile analysis of a single postsurgical 2 hour Doppler recording at the ankle level and analyzed Doppler derived indices and clinical risk factors in the evaluation of the risk of bypass occlusion within 7 days following surgery.
Results. Primary patency at day 7 was observed in 41 of the 51 operated patients. The presence of HITS was found in ~30% of the patients and provided no information on the risk of thrombosis. No clinical variable was significantly associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. Whatever the duration of recording, the presence of a diastolic forward flow and wide systolic velocity changes were poor indicators of bypass thrombosis risk. On 512 beat recordings, a mean systolic velocity below 1630 Hz and a standard deviation of the resistance index >0.095 were associated with a 6.74 [1.6-28.4] (p<0.01) and 14.5 [3.6-58.9] (p<0.001) times increases in the risk of bypass occlusion respectively, compared with subjects that do not fulfill each criteria.
Conclusions. Periods of transient asymptomatic no-flow-reflow events may be observed before the bypass irreversibly occludes. Prolonged Doppler recording should be preferred to short term analyses, to allow for the detection of these transient events and may provide potential indices for future research.