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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2001 October;42(5):579-85
Low dose systemic heparinization combined with heparin-coated extracorporeal circulation. Effects related to platelets
Mirow N., Brinkmann T. *, Minami K., Tenderich G., Schulte-Eistrup S., Kleesiek K. *, Körfer R.
From the Clinic for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
*Institute for Laboratory and Transfusion Medicine, Heart Center NRW, Ruhr University of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany
Background. A heparin coated cardiopulmonary bypass system combined with full and low dose systemic heparinization in coronary bypass surgery was investigated in a prospective, randomised study. Roller pumps, coronary suction and an open cardiotomy reservoir were used.
Methods. One hundred and nineteen patients were divided into 3 groups: group A (n=39) had a standard uncoated extracorporeal circulation (ECC)-set and systemic heparin was given in an initial dose of 400 IE/kg body weight. During ECC activated clotting time (ACT) was kept at ≥480 sec. Group B (n=42) had the same ECC-set completely coated with low molecular weight heparin, i.v. heparin was administered in the same dose as in group A, ACT was again kept at ≥480 sec. Group C (n=38) had the same coated ECC set as group B, but i.v. heparin was reduced to 150 IE/kg and during ECC ACT was maintained of ≥240 sec.
Results. Platelet decrease was significantly less in both groups utilizing coated circuitry as compared to control group A. Activation of thrombocytes as marked by β-thromboglobulin (not PF4) was significantly decreased in patients treated with coated circuits combined with low dose systemic heparinization and postoperative bleeding was significantly reduced.
Conclusions. We conclude that in heparin coated extracorporeal circulation combined with either full dose or reduced systemic heparinization compared to uncoated circuits platelet count reduction is significantly less. Platelet activation as marked by β-thromboglobulin and postoperative blood loss are decreased with coated equipment and low i.v. heparinization.