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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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CASE REPORTS VASCULAR PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2001 April;42(2):241-4
Pseudo-aneurysm of the popliteal artery by femoral exostosis in a young child
Cardon A., Aillet S., Ledu J., Kerdiles Y.
From the Vascular Unit, Hopital Sud, Rennes, France
Exostosis is a solitary benign bone tumor frequently observed in children. It may be totally quiescent or provoke complications. We report a case of pseudo-aneurysm of the popliteal artery caused by an exostosis on the lower metaphysis of the femur in a 12-year-old boy. This unusual complication mostly reported in young males (mean age 19 years) occurs in the context of an initial trauma in half the cases. Surgical treatment is a semi-emergency requiring both bone and arterial repair. Preventive surgery should be discussed for all cases of exostosis with a risk of arterial damage due to the gravity of the potential vascular complications.