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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2001 April;42(2):159-64
Effect of coronary artery bypass grafting on native coronary artery stenosis. Comparison of internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein grafts
Hamada Y., Kawachi K., Yamamoto T., Nakata T., Kashu Y., Watanabe Y., Sato M.
From the Department of Surgery II, Ehime University School of Medicine, Eime, Japan
Background. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of coronary artery bypass grafting on the degree of stenosis of the native coronary artery.
Methods. Experimental design: retrospective data analysis. Setting: University hospital. Patients: consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (n=52). Bypasses using internal thoracic artery grafts (n=26) and saphenous vein grafts (n=37) to incompletely occluded coronary arteries were studied. Interventions: coronary artery bypass grafting using internal thoracic artery or saphenous vein grafts. Measures: stenosis of the native coronary artery on angiography.
Results. Three recipient coronary arteries bypassed with internal thoracic artery grafts (12%) and 14 recipient coronary arteries bypassed with saphenous vein grafts (38%) showed progression of narrowing (p=0.024). Two recipient coronary arteries bypassed with internal thoracic artery grafts (8%) and 13 recipient coronary arteries bypassed with saphenous vein grafts (35%) showed total occlusion (p=0.016). Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and smoking history did not correlate with progression of stenosis of the native coronary arteries. Graft flow measured during surgery in the saphenous vein grafts was not significantly different between the group that exhibited progression of the native stenosis and the group that did not.
Conclusions. Coronary artery bypass grafting with saphenous vein grafts may result in progression of stenosis of the recipient coronary artery. This is less likely after coronary artery bypass grafting with internal thoracic artery grafts. This difference may be due to the ability of the pedicled internal thoracic artery graft to regulate flow. Thus competitive flow in the native coronary artery is minimized. This has significant clinical implications.