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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Rivista di Chirurgia Cardiaca, Vascolare e Toracica
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES THORACIC PAPERS
The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2000 December;41(6):941-3
Thoracoscopic truncal vagotomy
Gullà P., Tassi A., Cirocchi R., Longaroni M.
From the General Surgery Unit Hospital of Foligno, Perugia, Italy
Background. Nowadays the only indications to truncal vagotomy is recurrent ulceration after previous gastric surgery. Truncal vagotomy allows us to obtain a reduction in acid production and to promote ulcer healing, but this technique causes pylorospasm in about 20% of cases and this requires further synchronous or metachronous pyloric drainage procedure. For this reason, videothoracoscopic truncal vagotomy is reserved to patients with gastroresection.
Methods. The authors describe 15 patients treated with videothoracoscopic truncal vagotomy. In 12 patients, a gastrojejunostomy was done according to Roux technique in 2 patients, a reconstruction according Billroth II technique and in 1 patient, a gastroduodenostomy according to Billroth I technique.
Results. Videothoracoscopic bilateral truncal vagotomy was done in all patients; operation time was 45 minutes. During the postoperative period there were no complications. No patients underwent medical therapy for peptic ulcer. Only in 12 patients was it possible to execute an endoscopic follow-up in a period of 3 to 4 years. In all patients the ulcer was completely healed.
Conclusions. Complete vagotomy in patients who present with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding after previous gastroresection, is associated with significant risks. Videothoracoscopic bilateral truncal vagotomy as a simple and efficient procedure seems to be an alternative treatment for the management of recurrent ulceration after previous gastric surgery for peptic disease.